Approaches for M-Learning

In the classroom
    Students using handheld computers, PDAs, smartphones or handheld voting systems (such as clickers) in a classroom or lecture room
    Students using mobile devices(such as a Pocket PC) in the classroom to enhance group collaboration among students and instructors.

For blended learning
Mobile learning can provide support that enhances training in a corporate business or other classroom environment.

Class management
The mobile phone (through text SMS notices) can be used especially for distance education or with students whose course requires them to be highly mobile and in particular to communicate information regarding availability of assignment results, venue changes and cancellations, etc. It can also be of value to business people e.g. sales representatives who do not wish to waste time away from their busy schedules to attend formal training events.

Podcasting consists of listening to audio recordings of lectures, and can be used to review live lectures (Clark & Westcott (2007) and to provide opportunities for students to rehearse oral presentations. Podcasts may also provide supplemental information to enhance traditional lectures (McGarr 2009) (Steven & Teasley 2009).

Psychological research suggests that university students who download podcast lectures achieve substantially higher exam results than those who attend the lecture in person, but only in cases in which students take notes (Callaway & Ewen 2009).

Podcasts maybe be delivered using syndication, although it should be noted that this method of delivery is not always easily adopted (Lee, Miller & Newnham 2009).

    Learning in museums or galleries with handheld or wearable technologies
    Learning outdoors, for example on field trips.
    Continuous learning and portable tools for military personnel.

At work
    On the job training for someone who accesses training on a mobile device "just in time" to solve a problem or gain an update.

Lifelong learning and self-learning
The use of personal technology to support informal or lifelong learning, such as using handheld dictionaries and other devices for language learning.

Mobile technologies and approaches, i.e. Mobile Assisted Language Learning (MALL), are also used to assist in language learning. For instance handheld computers, cell phones, but also podcasting (Horkoff Kayes2008) have been used for helping people to acquire a language.

    Improving levels of literacy, numeracy and participation in education amongst young adults.
    Using the communication features of a mobile phone as part of a larger learning activity (e.g.: sending media or texts into a central portfolio, or exporting audio files from a learning platform to your phone)