Hunter vs. Farmer Theory

Proposed by Thom Hartmann, this evolutionary psychology theory holds that ADHD was an adaptive behavior for the "restless" hunter before agriculture became widespread. Scientific concern around Hartmann's theory revolves around the mismatch between the behaviors symptomatic of ADHD, and those he describes as being adaptive for hunters, which better fit a diagnosis of hypomania (Mota-Castillo, 2005). A positive feature of the theory is the idea that thinking in terms of attentional 'differences' rather than attentional 'disorders' may direct effort toward utilizing an affected individual's strengths and uniqueness.