In his book entitled Fundamentals of Educational Research, Gary Anderson has outlined ten characteristics that can be used to further understand what the field of educational research entails:

    Educational research attempts to solve a problem.

    Research involves gathering new data from primary or first-hand sources or using existing data for a new purpose.

    Research is based upon observable experience or empirical evidence.

    Research demands accurate observation and description.

    Research generally employs carefully designed procedures and rigorous analysis.

    Research emphasizes the development of generalizations, principles or theories that will help in understanding, prediction and/or control.

    Research requires expertise—familiarity with the field; competence in methodology; technical skill in collecting and analyzing the data.

    Research attempts to find an objective, unbiased solution to the problem and takes great pains to validate the procedures employed.

    Research is a deliberate and unhurried activity which is directional but often refines the problem or questions as the research progresses.

    Research is carefully recorded and reported to other persons interested in the problem.