Education Challenges in Djibouti

Teacher quality
In Djibouti, teacher attrition is very high and new teachers are not recruited enough. In addition, the local teacher-training institute is unable to graduate more than 130 teachers per year. Notwithstanding shortage of trained teachers, historically, Djibouti always had a core of well qualified trained teachers. Nearly all teachers in Djibouti are trained in the highly selective training institute, Personnel Training Center for National Education (Centre d'Exécution des Projets education: CFPEN. Most teachers in primary education have a primary level certificate (61%) or a Baccalaureat (33%).

Djibouti has yet to develop a sector-specific ICT for education policy although ICT has been recognized as a critical tool in modernizing the education sector in order to meet the diverse human resource demand for the country. The ministry has prioritized capacity-building for teachers in the use of ICT through the National Education and ICT project and the automation of the ministry itself.The Ministry also managed to develop several ICT programs.

Education Radio Program
The National Education Production Information and Research Center develops educational content that is broadcast through Djibouti Radio once a week through its School Radio project in order to increase access and to improve quality of education. These programs mainly cover secondary school subjects such as mathematics and science in French. Some of the programs are also targeted to youth who do not enroll in schools.

Education for nomadic people
The nomadic population (the Afars and the Somalis) numbers 100,000, which represents one-sixth of the total population in Djibouti. Participation rates in education in rural areas were very low (15% for boys and 8% for girls). Parents appear to be open to sending their children to school as they see a bleak future in animal husbandry. The school canteen is a motivation for nomadic families to send their children to school, especially in the poorer areas.

Education for All Fast Track Initiative
Although Djibouti has improved student access to schools, it is still not on track to meet the MDGs. Djbouti has been eligible for additional external funding, such as, the EFA-FTI Catalytic Fund.In Middle East and North Africa region, Djibouti and Yemen are eligible. See Education in Yemen. Eight million USD were allocated in Djibouti, and 8 million USD were all disbursed as of September 15, 2009. The Catalytic Fund is a multi-donor trust fund managed by the World Bank on behalf of donors. The purpose of the Catalytic Fund is to provide transitional financial assistance to FTI eligible countries. This Fund was established in November 2003.