Demographics in Education in Egypt

The overall literacy rate in Egypt is 72 percent as of 2010, being 80.3% for males and 63.5% for females. There is special attention given by the government and other NGOs to reduce gender disparity in education and to achieve the 2015 Millennium Development Goal of universal primary education.

The Egyptian educational system is highly centralized, and is divided into three stages:
Basic Education (Arabic: التعليم الأساسى‎‎, transliteration: al-Taʿaleem al-Asassī)
Primary Stage
Preparatory Stage
Secondary Education (Arabic: التعليم الثانوى‎‎, transliteration: al-Taʿaleem al-Thanawī)
Post-Secondary education (Arabic: التعليم الجامعى‎‎, transliteration: al-Taʿaleem al-Gammeʿī)

Since Egypt's extension of the free compulsory education law in 1981 to include the Preparatory Stage, both Primary and Preparatory phases (Ages 6 through 14) have been combined together under the label Basic Education. Education beyond this stage depends on the student's ability.

Government schools
Generally speaking, there are two types of government schools: Arabic Schools and Experimental Language the governmental national curriculum in the Arabic Language. A governmental English language curriculum is taught starting at first Primary year and either French, German, Spanish or Italian is added as a second foreign language in Secondary Education. The good thing for Egyptians it is for free but there is about 75 students per class for some of them.

Experimental Language Schools, teach most of the government curriculum (Science, Mathematics and Computer) in English, and adds French or German as a second foreign language in Preparatory Education. An Advanced English language curriculum is provided in all Educational stages, Except for the last year. Social Studies are taught in Arabic. Students are admitted into first grade at age seven; a year older than Arabic schools.

Private schools
Generally speaking, there are four types of private schools:

Ordinary schools, their curriculum is quite similar to that of the government schools, but the private schools pay more attention to the students' personal needs and to the school facilities. and this one would be holding around 45 student per class which is still a lot for one teacher

Language schools, teach most of the government curriculum in English, and add French or German as a second foreign language. They are expected to be better than the other schools, because of the facilities available, but their fees are much higher. Some of these schools use French or German as their main language of instruction, but it may be difficult for the student to study in governmental universities in Arabic or English afterward. and also holds around 40 student per class for some schools like this because it is rare to find one and also the cost is 20 add to the cost of the ordinary private school which is between US$800 to US$1500 for the year's fee.

Religious schools, are religiously oriented schools as Azhar schools or Catholic schools. these ones are not as the previous one it's a little better too which is around 40 student per class and around $2000 US a year per student 4 years old which is still affordable to the most population of Egypt but mostly not still that Education that they are looking for to give it to their children.

International schools, Are private schools that follow another country's curriculum. The schools offer better activities, facilities, and teaching faculty, but normally only admit non-Egyptians.

Many of the private schools were built by missionaries, are currently affiliated with churches and provide quality education.

Many private schools offer additional educational programs, along with the national curriculum, such as the American High School Diploma, the British IGCSE system, the French baccalauréat, the German Abitur and the International Baccalaureate. These are the types of private schools in Egypt.