Process Drama Teaching Methodology

Process drama as a teaching methodology has developed primarily from the work of Dorothy Heathcote and Gavin Bolton and through the work of other leading drama practitioners. It is a method of teaching and learning where both the students and teacher are working in and out of role. O’Neill (1995) describes process drama being used to explore a problem, situation, theme or series of related ideas or themes through the use of the artistic medium of unscripted drama. Process drama is a dynamic way of working that requires teachers to reflect-in-action, constantly dealing with unique situations that require novel approaches.

When they are working in process drama, the students and teachers work together to create an imaginary dramatic world. In this world they work together to explore problems and issues such as, “How do communities deal with change?”, “How do we accept other people into our community?” or themes such as betrayal, truth and other ethical and moral issues. Sometimes the work may begin as light-hearted, but the teacher always layers more complexity into the work as the teacher is aiming for a pedagogical outcome. Students learn to think beyond their own point of view and consider multiple perspectives on a topic through playing different roles. For instance, if the issue being discussed is logging a forest, they may play the loggers, people who live in the forest community and environmentalists. Playing a range of positions encourages them to be able to recast themselves as the “other” and to consider life from that viewpoint, thereby creating complexity and enabling us to explore multiple dimensions of the topic. Process drama does what the character Atticus, in the famous American Civil Rights novel, To Kill a Mockingbird, by Harper Lee advocates, the ability to work for social justice comes from the ability to understand another perspective—to be able to try on someone else’s shoes and walk around in them for a while. Process drama allows us to “try on” other people’s shoes, to walk the paths they tread and to see how the world looks from their point of view.